Your Furniture Isn’t Hungry — You Can’t Feed It!
The Truth About Furniture Care — Don’t Oil Your Furniture!
I read a very good article on furniture care this past week by one of my favorite writers on furniture, Fred Taylor. This article hit home with me because so many of my customers tell me they use lemon or orange oil to polish their furniture… it makes me gasp! So do yourself a favor and read on to understand why furniture polishes don’t really do anything good for your furniture and actually, from a furniture refinisher’s point of view, polishes hurt the finish more than most other things you could do!
There is a false belief many people hold that has been taught mostly from the advertising for furniture care products over the past 50 years. Virtually every commercially advertised household furniture care product proudly claims among its contents such ingredients as “lemon oil” or, more recently, “orange oil.” Well, while lemon oil and orange oil do in fact exist, what, if anything, do they have to do with the maintenance of furniture finishes?
The oils of various citrus products are derived by the process of cold pressing or low heat rendering of the skins of the fruit. This gives a concentrated concoction of natural oil that is highly acidic. It is a natural, safe degreaser and as such has a useful place in some household and commercial cleaning applications.
But that is as far as it goes. Lemon oil, in an appropriate concentration, is a cleaner. Period. The same goes for orange oil. These oils have no magical properties that lend extended life or beauty to wood or its finishes. You have only to read the advertisements for some of these products to realize the lack of understanding of furniture finishes on the part of the manufacturers. For example, one famous lemon oil product, which also contains carnuba wax, says in its ad that it “…treats the wood and enriches the beauty of the grain.” How can it “treat” the wood if it never touches the wood through the finish? The same manufacturer has a “cabinet and panel treatment” that it claims has “…higher absorption by the wood resulting in higher preservation.” Yet there is nothing in the product that will penetrate the modern lacquer, shellac or urethane finish found on most cabinetwork. So how can it lead to “higher absorption by the wood” if it never reaches the wood?
Another highly advertised product, The (unmanned) Solution, claims to be a mixture of beeswax, lemon oil and a specially designed mineral base oil. It then claims that the product is a “true wood feeder that is fed into the wood during application.” The last time I looked, the wood in my antique furniture had been basically dead for some time and no longer required feeding of any sort. What it needs, however, is protection from too much or too little atmospheric moisture, and that is accomplished by a surface finish.
Commercial products are not the only perpetrators of myths about oil on furniture, though. Furniture care literature and the Internet are full of home recipes for furniture polish. One online guru states that, while the traditional recipe for a good polish calls for a quarter-cup of linseed or vegetable oil and a few drops of vinegar, she prefers the opposite of a quarter-cup of vinegar and a few drops of oil, since in warm weather the oil may get rancid (!?!). She then states: “The vinegar pulls the dirt out of the wood and the few drops of oil lubricates the wood so that it doesn’t dry out.” Lubricates the wood? Was it squeaking? No amount of oil will keep wood from drying out when the relative humidity is below 30 percent.
Another “expert” on a vegetarian food page suggests a furniture polish/dust remover made of a half-cup lemon juice and a half-cup olive oil. Maybe she should stick to cooking, because she sure doesn’t know anything about furniture polish or finishes.
The problem with oil — any kind of oil applied to finished surface — is what happens next. There are basically two kinds of oil: drying and non-drying. The non-drying is the least harmful initially, since it doesn’t undergo a chemical reaction. The most common non-drying oils are lemon oil, orange oil and mineral oil. These oils have a very slow evaporation rate and remain on the surface in a microscopically thin semi-liquid state for days, even weeks, after application. As a result, they produce a surface that smears easily and also attracts every particle of dust, pollen and pollution that passes its way. The build-up must be removed eventually.
Drying oils — such as tung oil or linseed oil — are especially harmful, since they actually undergo a chemical change as they dry and attempt to bond chemically with the surface. When they are applied to the finish surface they become hard through oxidation. These oils become difficult to remove and, over time, the accumulation of layers of dried oil forms a shell over the old finish and eventually turns dark, obscuring the original surface.
The simple fact is that unless the original finish on a of a piece of furniture was an oil finish, then oil has no place on a piece of furniture. Think of the finish on your furniture as the finish on your car. They are both coatings designed to protect the basic structure underneath, steel or wood. They are designed not to allow moisture or dirt or grease to touch the primary surface. You don’t oil the paint on your car. Neither should you oil the finish on your furniture. The best and only thing you should do is what we, as professionals do… use a good paste wax and apply a light coat, buffing when dry and then dust gently between annual waxings.
It’s that simple… but, an even simpler way is to contact Bill at Oakley Restoration at 860-350-6410 or email me at: Bill@OakleyRestoration.com and have our people come to your place and do it for you!
“Let us bring back the beauty to all your cherished furniture.”
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